Listed below are selected publications in the areas of: Library Services for Children and Young Adults, Children's Information Needs, Children's and Young Adult Literature, Children's Multimedia, Early Chidhood Literacy, Evaluation of Library Services, Voluntarism, Library Management & Book Reviews. Please see my CV for a complete review of my work.

Library Services for Children and Young Adults

Walter, Virginia A., and Elaine Meyers. Teens and Libraries: Getting It Right. Chicago: American Library Association, 2003.

Walter, Virginia A. "Public Library Service to Children and Teens: A Research Agenda." Library Trends , Vol. 51, No. 4 (spring, 2003), pp. 571-589.

Walter, Virginia A. Children and Libraries: Getting it Right. Chicago: American Library Association, 2001.

Walter, Virginia A. "Becoming Digital: Policy Implications for Library Youth Services." Library Trends, Vol. 45, No. 4 (spring, 1997), pp. 585-601.

Walter, Virginia A., and Penny Markey. "Parent Perceptions of a Summer Reading Program." Journal of Youth Services in Libraries, Vol. 11, No. 1 (Fall, 1997), pp. 49-65.

Walter, Virginia A., Christine L. Borgman, and Sandra G. Hirsh. "The Science Library Catalog: A Springboard for Information Literacy." School Library Media Quarterly, Vol. 24, No. 2 (winter, 1996), pp. 105-110.

Borgman, Christine L., Sandra G. Hirsh, Virginia A. Walter, and Andrea L. Gallagher. "Children's Searching Behavior on Browsing and Keyword Online Catalogs: the Science Library Catalog Project." Journal of the American Society for Information Science, Vol. 46, No. 9 *1995), pp. 663-684.

Walter, Virginia A. "Research You Can use: Marketing to Children." Journal of Youth Services in Libraries. Vol. 7, No. 3 (spring, 1994), pp. 283-288.


Children's Information Needs

Walter, Virginia A., and Gross, Melissa. HIV/AIDS Information for Children: A Guide to Issues and Resources . New York: H.W. Wilson Company, 1996.

Walter, Virginia A. "The Information Needs of Children." Advances in Librarianship , Vol. 14 (1994), pp. 111-129.

Walter, Virginia A. War and Peace Literature for Children and Young Adults: A Resource Guide to Significant Issues . Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press, 1993.


Children's and Young Adult Literature

Walter, Virginia A. "Making Sense Out of Senselessness: The Social Construction of Adolescent Reality in the War Novels of Robert Westall," The Lion and the Unicorn , Vol. 24, #3 (September, 2000, 432-444).

Walter, Virginia A. "Jazz for Children: The Picture Book Riffs of Chris Raschka." The Looking Glass, Vol. 2, No. 3 (October 2, 1998) <>.

Walter, Virginia A. "Michael Cart." Gay and Lesbian Literature, Vol. 2. St. James Press, 1997.

Walter, Virginia A. "Hester Burton." Dictionary of Literary Biography, Volume 161: British Children's Writers Since 1960 (First Series): Traditionalists , pp. 50-57. Detroit, MI: Gale Research, 1996.

Walter, Virginia A. "Metaphor and Mantra: The Function of Stories in Number the Stars ." Children's Literature in Education , Vol. 27, #2 (June, 1996), pp. 123-130.

Walter, Virginia A. & March, Susan F. "Juvenile Books About the Holocaust: Extending the Definitions of Children's Literature." Publishing Research Quarterly. Vol. 9, #3 (Fall, 1993), pp. 36-51.

Walter, Virginia A. "Foreward" to Binnie Tate Wilkin, Survival Themes in Fiction for Children and Young People , Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, 1993.

Walter, Virginia A. "Hansel and Gretel as Abandoned Children: Timeless Images for a Postmodern Age." Children's Literature in Education , Vol. 23, #4, (1992), pp. 203-214.

Walter, Virginia A. "Crossing the Pacific to America: The Uses of Narrative." Children's Literature Association Quarterly , Vol. 16, #2 (Summer, 1991), pp. 63-68.


Children's Multimedia

Walter, Virginia A. "Books and Bytes: Digital Connections," a column for Book Links:

"Built-in Digital Connections." Book Links , Vol. 10, #2 (Oct./Nov., 2000), pp. 44-48.

"There and Back Again: Maps and Journeys." Book Links, Volume 8, #6 (July, 1999).

"Passing Time in Times Past." Book Links, Vol. 8, #5 (May, 1999), pp. 24-26.

"Multicultural Meets Multimedia." Book Links , Vol. 8, #3 (January, 1999), pp. 58-62.

"Focus on the First R: Reading, Reading, Reading." Book Links , Vol. 8, #2 (November, 1998), pp. 36-40.

"Leading Boys from Bytes to Books." Book Links , Vol. 7, #6 (July, 1998), pp. 53-57.

"Girl Power: Multimedia and More." Book Links , Vol. 7, #5 (May, 1998), pp. 37-42.

"Looking Up: Multimedia about Space and Flight." Book Links , Vol. 7, #3 (January, 1998), pp. 31-35.

"Virtual Field Trips." Book Links , Vol. 7, No. 2 (November, 1997), pp. 10-14.

"Multimedia for the Lazy, Crazy Days of Summer." Book Links , Vol. 6, No. 6 (July, 1997), pp. 28-31.

"Starting Early: Multimedia for the Tricycle Set." Book Links, Vol. 6, No. 5, (May, 1997), pp. 26-33.


Early Childhood Literacy

Walter, Virginia, Jean Armbruster, and Andrea Welsing. Early Childhood Literacy Policy Brief. County of Los Angeles, Department of Health Services, Public Health. January, 2002.


Evaluation of Library Services

Walter, Virginia A., and Cindy Mediavilla.  "Homework Center Outcomes." Click here for full text at <>.

Walter, Virginia A. Output Measures and More: Planning and Evaluating Young Adult Services in Public Libraries. Chicago: American Library Association, 1995.

Walter, Virginia A. "Evaluating Library Services and Programs." In Kathleen Staerkel, Mary Fellows, and Sue Nespacca, editors, Youth Services Librarians as Managers: A How-To-Guide from Budgeting to Personnel . Chicago: American Library Association, 1995.

Walter, Virginia A. "Kids Count: Using Output Measures to Monitor Reference Services to Children." The Reference Librarian, No. 49-50 (1995), pp. 165-178.

Walter, Virginia A. Output Measures for Public Library Service to Children: A Manual of Standardized Measures. Chicago: American Library Association, 1992.


Library Management

Hayes, Robert L., and Walter, Virginia A. Strategic Management for Public Libraries . Westport, CT: Greenwood, 1996.



Walter, Virginia A. "Children as Volunteers: Learning by Doing." In Paul Schervish, editor, Care and Community in Modern Society: Passing on the Tradition of Caring and Service to the Community to the Next Generation . San Francisco: Jossey-Bass: 1995.

Walter, Virginia A. "For All the Wrong Reasons? Implementing Volunteer Programs in Public Organizations," Public Productivity and Management Review , Vol. 16, #3 (Spring 1993), pp. 271-282.

Walter, Virginia A. "Children as Citizens-in-Training: Political Socialization for a Strong Democracy." Nonprofit and Voluntary Action Quarterly , Vol. 19, #1 (March, 1990), pp. 7-20.

Walter, Virginia. "Volunteers and Bureaucrats: Clarifying Roles and Creating Meaning," Journal of Voluntary Action Research , Vol. 16, #3 (July-September, 1987), pp. 22-32.


Book Reviews

Walter, Virginia A. " Information Ecologies: Using Technology with Heart." [book review] Library Quarterly , Vol. 70, #3 (July, 2000), pp. 404-405.

Walter, Virginia A. "Rebecca Linley and Bob Usherwood. New Measures for the New Library: A Social Audit of Public Libraries." [book review] Journal of Documentation , Vol. 56, #1 (January, 2000), pp. 106-108.

Walter, Virginia A. "Worlds of Childhood: The Art and Craft of Writing for Children." [book review] Library Quarterly , Vol. 69, #3 (July, 1999), pp. 408-409.

Walter, Virginia A. " International Companion Encyclopedia of Children's Literature ." [book review] Library Quarterly , Vol. 68, #1 (January, 1998), pp. 98-100.

Walter, Virginia A. " A Free Library In This City ..." [book review] Library Quarterly , Vol. 67, No. 3 (July, 1997), pp. 299-302.

Walter, Virginia A. " From Romance to Realism." [book review] Library Quarterly, Vol. 67, No. 1 (January, 1997), pp. 79-81.

Walter, Virginia A. " Public Library Youth Services: A Public Policy Approach ." [book review] Library Quarterly , Vol. 66, No. 3 (July, 1996), pp. 330-332.

Walter, Virginia A. " Katherine Paterson ." [book review] Journal of Youth Services in Libraries , Vol. 9, No. 1 (Fall, 1995), pp. 94-95.

Walter, Virginia A. " Future Libraries: Madness, Dream, or Reality ." [book review] Library Resources and Technical Services . (In press.)

Walter, Virginia A. " African-American Voices in Young Adult Literature: Tradition, Transition, Transformations ." [book review] Library Quarterly , Vol. 65, No. 3 (July, 1995), pp. 341-342.

Walter, Virginia A. " Give a Listen: Stories of Storytelling in School. " [book review] Library Quarterly , Vol. 65, No. 3 (July, 1995), ppp. 346-347.

Walter, Virginia A. Review: "Elizabeth Gale Eaton, Effects of Spatial Skills and Route Uncertainty on the Ability of Fifth-graders and High School Students to Locate Unknown Items on Library Shelves." [book review] Library and Information Science Research , Vol. 15, No. 2 (Spring, 1993), p. 205.

Walter, Virginia A. "Jeffrey L. Brudney, Fostering Volunteer Programs in the Public Sector: Planning, Initiating, and Managing Voluntary Activities. " [book review] International Journal of Public Administration , Vol. 15, #9 (1992), pp. 1815-1816.