Student Digital Library:
IS 281 Historical Methodology for Library and Information Science
(These are original papers authored by students of this course. Instructions for the project are available in the
class syllabus.)

Dear Miss Breed: The Legacy of Clara Breed
by Mary Yogi

You can also see the PROPOSAL and SCOPE statement that served as a foundation for this research project.

INTRODUCTION: Clara Estelle Breed (1906-1994) was a librarian for the city of San Diego for 42 years. She began her career as a children’s librarian in 1928 and was later appointed the city librarian in 1945 – a post she held for 25 years. As a children’s librarian, Clara Breed did not simply promote reading, conduct storytelling, or supervise her staff; she was also fully engaged in her community and had an indelible impact on the lives of her patrons. This is especially true for a particular group of Japanese American children in San Diego. My paper will examine the life of Miss Breed (as she was known to her young patrons), and focus on her interactions with the San Diego children sent to “relocation centers” during World War II. Clara Breed continued to care for and guide these displaced children by sending them books, but she also became a trusted friend, supporter, and lasting connection to their hometown of San Diego.
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The printer in Paris: François-Louis Schmied’s influence on Ward Ritchie’s intellectual and aesthetic development and the Ward Ritchie Press, 1930-1932
by Michael Garabedian

INTRODUCTION: Perhaps the most striking thing about writings which take as their subject the rise of fine press printing in 1920s and 1930s Los Angeles is the extent to which commentators have correlated this emergence with the city’s singular geography and physicality, and the civic and institutional developments that obtained in the nascent metropolis between the world wars. As historian Kevin Starr notes in Material Dreams: Southern California Through the 1920s (1990), in this foundational period “Southern California was being designed and materialized [as] it was being simultaneously interpreted.” Accordingly, Starr argues, fine printing in Los Angeles represented a larger and fully conscious movement...

Analytical Intellectual Biography of John Y. Cole
by Elizabeth Jacobsen

INTRODUCTION: John Y. Cole has devoted the bulk of his career to serving the Library of Congress (LC) and to documenting its history. Cole’s tenure with the Library began in 1966 as a reference librarian. He served as a librarian for nearly a decade, while simultaneously completing his dissertation on Librarian of Congress Ainsworth Spofford and publishing four articles and one book on Spofford’s contributions to the Library. In 1976, Librarian of Congress Daniel Boorstin appointed him chair of a one-year Library of Congress Task Force on Goals, Organization, and Planning. A year later, Dr. Boorstin asked Cole to become the founding director of the new Center for the Book (CFB) in the Library of Congress...

Book Collector Extraordinaire: The Life and Times of Olive Percival
by Ingrid Johnson

INTRODUCTION: Olive Percival, as a richly complex woman, is a fascinating study. Outwardly, she exhibited extreme self-confidence and success. Inwardly, self-doubt and, sometimes, self-pity clouded her thoughts. Because she was very open with her feelings in the diaries that she kept for over thirty years, this tension is clearly revealed. A thorough study of this tension and how it affected Olive Percival in her life is beyond the scope of this paper. It will be considered, however, as it relates to the development of Olive Percival, the book collector, which is the focus of this paper. Inescapably, Olive the book collector was influenced by Olive the person. This paper will attempt to portray who Olive Percival was as well as what her life was like in Pasadena in the early twentieth century of Southern California . In addition, this paper will attempt to illustrate how the social, political, and artistic flavors of the day may have also influenced her as a book collector...

William Morris as Printer: A Historiographical Approach
Rachel Leff and Rachel Longaker

Because of the extraordinary nature of his achievements as an artist and craftsman, writer and political activist, William Morris was a compelling biographical subject for writers even before his death in 1896. Fascination with him continues to the present day. We will compare different biographies of Morris and will focus on the significance of the founding of the Kelmscott Press and his work as printer. In writing a historiographical essay that examines the way different biographers view this aspect of his work and life, one can perhaps learn about the time in which he lived, the forces that were working on Morris and how Morris was or was not a product of his time...

Historiography of Antonio Panizzi
by Teresa Negrucci

INTRODUCTION: Antonio Panizzi, Prinicipal Librarian of the British Museum Library from 1856 to 1866, generally is regarded as a preeminent leader in nineteenth century librarianship. He is mentioned in the same breath as such luminaries as Melvyl Dewey, Charles Ammi Cutter, and Charles Jewett. Born in Brescello , Italy in 1797, Panizzi received his doctorate in law in 1818. As a lawyer, Panizzi was part of the Italian establishment, but he also was a member of a secret revolutionary group that sought to free Italy from Austrian control. In 1822, Panizzi was arrested for his suspected revolutionary activities. He escaped from arrest, traveled across the Continent, and found himself an exile in England . He settled initially within the Italian exile community in Liverpool , where he learned English and taught Italian literature. In 1831, he accepted the position of Assistant Keeper in the Department of Printed Books, launching his illustrious thirty-five year career at the British Museum Library...

Long Beach Public Library: Inception, 1895-1917
by Catherine Outten

INTRODUCTION: This project is a look into the beginning history of the Long Beach Public Library. This is an important topic for research in that it is a typical story of the boom in libraries in the Carnegie era and in the incredible population growth in California during this time. Long Beach went from a tiny seaside get-away for people from Los Angeles, to an incorporated city in its own right. A large part of that transformation was the implementation of city services, including the public library...

A History of Information Literacy in Community Colleges as Represented by Articles in the Professional Press
by Billy Pashaie

INTRODUCTION: Community college libraries have long played a great part, in association with their parent organizations, in the role of education. The beginnings of this responsibility go back to the latter part of the 19th century and the dramatic growth of the academic community in the United States. Ever since the era of Melvyl Dewey and the birth and rise of the Library Journal in 1876, a body of literature has been devoted to the role of the librarian as educator. A topic of frequent discussion has been the education of the user in the effective and efficient use of library resources...

The Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research:
An Independent Home for the Left

by Gregory Gregory Alan-Kingman Hom

INTRODUCTION: The Southern California Library for Social Studies and Research (SCL) is a library and archive situated in South Central Los Angeles. The SCL has regular presentations of speakers or films on topics relating to the community organizing efforts of Los Angeles activists. The SCL was initially the work of Emil Freed, the son of anarchists and brought up with the consciousness that the world needed to be changed. His political life led him to John Reed Clubs in 1929, which were associated with the Communist Party USA (CPUSA); he eventually became a member of the CPUSA, with which he was associated until his dying days.

Analytical Intellectual Biography of Elizabeth L. Eistenstein
by Cherry Williams

INTRODUCTION:
In her opening comments on The Printing Revolution in Early Modern Europe, Elizabeth Eisenstein quotes Francis Bacon's famous aphorism, "We should note the force, effect, and consequences of inventions which are... known to have changed the appearance and state of the whole world... printing, gunpowder, and the compass." Elizabeth Eisenstein devoted her professional career to "taking note" of the impact of printing. In that spirit, I propose in this paper to explore the works of Professor Eisenstein by means of an analytical intellectual biography....